Olsson leads the Stockholm Resilience Centre’s research on Resilience Science for Transformation. His current research focuses on agency and systems entrepreneurship, social-ecological innovations, and transformations to sustainability. In 2019 and 2020 he was recognized by the Web of Science as one of the world's most influential researchers of the past decade. Olsson also work with change makers around the world to strengthen their capacities to achieve transformative change that helps humans and nature thrive together. This previously involved co-leading the Rockefeller Foundation Global Fellowship Program on Social Innovation and Resilience and serving as the director for the BALTICLEAD and the Transforming Change programs. He is also involved in facilitating interactions among scientists, policy makers, artists, business representatives, and the public, through a variety of initiatives.